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Renewable Energy penetration: the upcoming challenges for TSOs April 4, 2008

Posted by Hans De Keulenaer in grids, reliability, renewable electricity, wind.
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40.8% of the overall electricity demand was supplied on real time basis by wind power some days ago in the Spanish electricity system. This record constitutes a real challenge for transmission system operators (TSOs).

In more general terms, renewable energy penetration strongly depends on the ability of TSO to evolve towards a new way of operating the system: dedicated predictability for renewable generation, voltage dip management and managing the power balance.

The big issue for the coming years (especially taking into account the targets set by the EU Directive on the use of energy from renewable sources) is balancing the transmission system in the presence of high renewable power penetration. This not only requires to redesign grid codes, but also a deep revision of power reserve policy. Along with renewable sources growth, a market for upgraded reserves is becoming necessary.

This paper shows some good practices from the Spanish TSO, REE, leading to better integration of renewable generation: commissioning a dedicated centre for renewable energy management, grid code evolution, development of specific applications to maximize renewable generation and provide production limits to each renewable energy plant, voltage control and congestion management.


Multiple Power Quality Supply System 1st in Japan March 31, 2008

Posted by Hans De Keulenaer in electricity, power quality, reliability, security, storage, technology.
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In this interview, Keiichi Hirose from NTT Facilities, presents the first trial to take place in Japan in the area of power quality concepts and solutions. This field demonstration of a multiple power quality supply system is leaded by NTT Facilities. It has developed and installed a multiple power quality supply system that has the capability to feed four classes of alternative current (AC) and one of direct current (DC) power while meeting various customer requirements. The system also has three types of distributed generator (DG): gas engine sets, fuel cells, and photovoltaic panels. NTT Facilities started the project in Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 and plans to continue it for four years. A review of the project’s first three years was done @EPQU’07 conference.

Ageing networks: consume, prolong or replace January 10, 2007

Posted by Hans De Keulenaer in distribution, power quality, reliability.
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By Arjen G Jongepier, KEMA Consulting

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The components of electricity networks are ageing. It is expected that within a horizon of 15 years, the performance will deteriorate significantly, while the costs for operating the networks will increase enormously. The main problem is that a significant part of the population of the assets is installed in the same period, resulting in a highly concentrated number of failures in a short time. The currently applied replacement strategy has to be revisited, in order to accommodate the effects of ageing assets: higher maintenance costs, high failure rates, and a steep increase of capital expenditure (CAPEX).

Methods like long-term simulation, multi-criteria decision-making under uncertainty, critical asset identification, condition assessment, and advanced statistics for the extrapolation of condition assessments of representative samples of assets should be applied. By using these methodologies in a smart and integrated way, costs and performance can be kept at an acceptable level